Hainan Science and Technology Museum

由马岩松带领的MAD建筑事务所发布了海南科技馆的方案设计。这是继“海口云洞图书馆”之后,MAD为海南设计的又一个重要公共项目。

海南科技馆是海南省的省级科技馆。科技馆位于海口市西海岸长秀片区,这里汇聚五源河国家湿地公园、体育场馆,是海南自贸港重要的科普基地和优质旅游景点。

MAD Architects, led by Ma Yansong, unveils their design for the Hainan Science and Technology Museum in Haikou City, Hainan. Located on Haikou’s west coast, surrounded by sports stadiums and a National Wetland Park, the museum is MAD’s second major public project in Hainan following the Cloudscape of Haikou, which opened in April 2021.

MAD的方案结合海南的城市特征、场地环境条件和科技馆的愿景,整体创造了“原始雨林与未来科技相遇”的情境。主展馆形如祥云,与天地自然对话;从主展馆延伸的连廊为市民提供了新型城市公共空间;丰富多样的热带雨林营造整体景观。

An important science venue and a major tourist attraction for Hainan’s free trade port, the Hainan Science and Technology Museum will break ground in late August 2021 and is scheduled to be completed and open to the public in 2024.

本项目总建筑面积46,528平方米,地上建筑面积27,782平方米。地上场馆主要包括科技馆主体建筑、天象馆、风雨连廊和室外广场等。

从城市远观,科技馆主体建筑螺旋上升。当参观者进入园区时,抬头可见漂浮于丛林之上的科技馆。科技馆表皮采用FRP材料,如一个银色反光体,极具未来感。

MAD’s design for the museum draws from the site’s dual urban and natural context, one where a “primeval rainforest and technology of the future meet.” Set against the backdrop of a rich tropical rainforest, the museum’s main pavilion is shaped like a cloud in dialogue with nature.

由于海南气候潮湿多雨,阳光充足,连廊为市民提供遮阴避雨的舒适环境。以科技馆主展馆为核心,延伸起伏的架空连廊向四面八方展开,参观者可以从各个角度进入。连廊将不同功能的场馆连接在一起,连廊北侧为巨幕影院和飞行影院,西南角为天象馆和天文观测台。

From a distance, the futuristic building appears to emerge from the city, while visitors entering in the museum area witness it floating above the jungle. The museum’s façade of fiber-reinforced plastic makes the building distinctive from both near and afar with its silver, reflective exterior and visionary aesthetic. 

海南科技馆采用了独特新颖的结构体系,由三个落地核心筒、弧形桁架、屋盖、及螺旋坡道组成,实现建筑效果与结构体系和谐统一。

Encompassing a total area of 46,528 square meters, the museum will feature 27,782 square meters of above-ground facilities including permanent exhibition space, a planetarium, a giant-screen theater, and a flying theater. The museum’s interior structure consists of three floor-to-ceiling cores, curved trusses, spiral ramps, and a roof, all exposed to achieve harmony between the architectural forms and structural system. A skylight in the museum’s dome bathes the spacious atrium in natural light, creating a bright and transparent environment. A spiraling, sloping exhibition space ascends from the central hall over five floors, connecting visitors across the museum.

▲结构分析图

参观者进入场馆时,仰头遥看,科技馆内部以一条螺旋状的斜坡贯穿展览空间。天光透过玻璃穹顶洒入宽敞的中庭,明亮温暖。

科技馆主体为六层,分为地上五层和地下一层。设计的室内游览动线是由上至下。参观者可先搭乘核心筒电梯直升到顶层的360度观景台平台,遥望大海、城市景观。随后参观同层的前沿科技和太空展厅,沿着坡道,过渡到四层的海洋和生命科学展厅、三层的数学和科学浪潮、二层的多媒体互动体验区和儿童乐园。

The exhibition experience begins on the fifth floor, where the elevator opens to a 360-degree viewing platform with the sea and cityscape visible in the distance. Visitors on this uppermost floor will begin by exploring the technology and space galleries before proceeding down the ramp to the ocean and life science galleries on the fourth floor, the math and science galleries on the third floor, and the multimedia interactive experience area and children’s playground on the second floor. As visitors travel down the ramp, they can simultaneously enjoy the scenery and the exhibitions, and a gallery running alongside the ramp extends the viewing experience.

当参观者沿着坡道向下游览时,可透过玻璃幕墙欣赏室外的景色,也可通过开放的坡道空间一窥不同楼层的展厅,坡道展厅亦设有展陈内容,延伸观展体验。

Outside, an undulating canopy extends from the main pavilion in all directions to create a space specifically conceived to accommodate the public in Haikou’s humid and rainy climate. The north side of the canopy also hosts the giant screen and flying theater and, in the southwest corner, the planetarium and observatory.

科技馆整体环境由丰富多样的热带植物包裹,随处是自然教育的场所。室外陨坑状的下沉广场、倒影水池、连廊下的灰空间是供大众日常休憩的公共空间。来访者除了参观展览之外,也可以享受大片的自然环境。

The museum’s various outdoor public spaces, including a crater-like sunken plaza and reflecting pool, offer areas for rest and relaxation. The diversity of the surrounding tropical plants makes this an ideal setting for learning about nature, offering visitors more than simply an exhibition-viewing experience by also providing a pleasant environment to freely enjoy and experience nature.

海南科技馆是发现科技与自然奥秘的场所。它不仅是激发大众对科学的好奇心之地,更是一个汇聚公众智慧之地,鼓励大众从城市、自然中寻求想象力。目前项目处于施工图深化阶段,预计于2021年8月动工,2024年建成并投入使用。

Once completed, the Hainan Science and Technology Museum will serve as a destination for the exploration of science, technology, and nature, encouraging visitors to seek inspiration from both the urban and natural setting.

▲总平面图 / Masterplan

▲首层平面图 / First floor plan

▲二层平面图 / Second floor plan

▲五层平面图 / Fifth floor plan

▲地下一层平面图 / B1 floor plan

▲剖面图 / Section

▲南立面图 / South elevation

▲功能分析图 / Function Analysis

▲参观流线分析图 /Structure analysis

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